Iron deficiency is the most common nutritional deficiency in the world. Up to 80% of the world’s population might be considered iron deficient, while 30% may live with iron deficiency anaemia.
Iron deficiency (and depletion of iron stores) occur in people of all ages. It more regularly occurs in population groups, including children, women after the onset of menstruation, elderly people, vegetarians (especially vegans), and in disadvantaged populations such as Indigenous Australians, refugees, recent migrants and institutionalised people.
The GESA Clinical Update: Iron Deficiency (2015) details recent information published on diagnosis, treatment and preventative aspects of iron deficiency. Clinicians should use this document as an aid in relation to the management of iron deficiency and not as a complete authoritative statement. Specific recommendations are based on relevant published information and will be updated periodically as new information becomes available.
This clinical update was compiled and written under the auspices expert advisers include Prof. Jane Andrews, Prof. Don Cameron, Prof. Finlay Macrae, Dr. Sue Sheppard and Prof. Simone Strasser.
GESA Clinical Update: Iron Deficiency