The gallbladder is a small (10 cm long) pear-shaped organ that is located near the duodenum and the liver. The gallbladder is connected to the liver and the duodenum through small tubes.
The gallbladder's main function is to store bile, a dark green digestive liquid produced by the liver. Bile is a substance that helps to break down fats. When stored in the gallbladder, bile becomes more concentrated and therefore more powerful in its ability to do its work.
When foods containing fats arrive in the small intestine, the gallbladder releases the stored bile into the duodenum. Here the bile helps to break down fats and also neutralize acids in the food that has arrived from the stomach.
Click on the links below to learn more about disorders of the gallbladder.